Good oral health means you have healthy teeth & gums. If you want to avoid cavities and bad breath then daily ritual of brushing your teeth as well as flossing is necessary. Needles to say, it is always advisable to see your dentist to evaluate whether you need any dental care.
Lets discuss the 5 most common problems of Oral Health.
Bad breath (Halitosis) is most often described as when you have breath with an unpleasant odor. It is more of a social problem than a dental health problem. This happens when the sulfur compounds in breath give rise to chronic halitosis. Sulfur compounds are responsible for foul odor of breath.
Here are some of the major factors which contribute to bad breath.
- Food. Some food items contain volatile sulfur compounds e.g. onions or some spices or garlic etc. This results in bad breath which is temporary. Digested sulfur compounds enter blood stream and come out of lungs during exhaling, releasing unpleasant odor.
- Dental problems. Any injury or abscess at tooth base can be the source of bad breath due to hydrogen sulfur vapors emitted by bacteria.
- Dry mouth. Saliva keeps mouth clean. It also keeps it moist. A dry mouth enables the accumulation of dead cells on tongue & gums. Decomposed cells cause bad odor. Bad morning breath due to short sleep is one of the causes of dry mouth.
- Poor dental hygiene. Decaying food particles trapped between teeth give rise to foul odor. Good brushing & flossing can get rid of this problem,
- Smoking. Smoking gives rise to unpleasant mouth odor due to dry mouth.
The most common dental problem are Tooth Decay and Cavities. The reason for this is the loss of minerals from the tooth enamel. Acids produced by dental plaque attack this tooth enamel. Tooth decay can be avoided if you reduce consumption of sweet snacks & acidic fizzy drinks. Brush your teeth twice a day and after meals. Use toothpaste which contains fluoride.
Cavities are developed in between teeth or at gum root. If tooth is not treated on time, the destruction travels from the tooth enamel to intermediate dentin to inner most soft pulp. Nutrition, oral hygiene, or hereditary factors also are responsible for tooth decay.
Gum disease (Gingivitis or periodontal disease)
The gum disease starts as an inflammation of the gums that if left untreated can affect and gradually destroy the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of the periodontal tissues, which include the gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main stages of the gum disease. And without proper treatment, the teeth will finally become loose, fall out or have to be removed by a dentist.
One of the most common oral health problems is the stained teeth. People have some discomfort while they talk or smile due to this problem. Treatment for this is teeth whitening which is easily available.
The tooth discoloration may be classified into three main categories:
- Discoloration of Extrinsic tooth. This is when the tooth enamel (External layer) is stained due to some foods or smoking. These external stains are removed through the use of non-bleaching whitening products such as whitening toothpastes. These toothpastes contain abrasive ingredients which remove surface stains.
- Discoloration of Intrinsic tooth. In this case inner structure of the tooth turns yellow in color. Normally whitening products are used which can bleach and change natural tooth color.
- Discoloration due to age. The yellowing teeth is a common symptom of aging. Their mineral structure becomes less porous and makes teeth to appear darker. Underlying layer of yellowish dentin is seen through the enamel which becomes thin due to age.
This oral health problem happens when the mouth dries due to lack of saliva. Saliva secrete from salivary glands and keeps the mouth wet. An anxiety or nervous state can make your mouth dry temporarily. Dry mouth condition is normally seen in elderly people.